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Jun 18, 2024

Adult congenital heart patients are individuals born with congenital heart defects (CHDs) who have transitioned to adult care. Thanks to advances in medical and surgical treatments, many individuals with CHDs now reach adulthood. These patients require lifelong, specialized care to manage their unique health needs, which include regular monitoring of heart function and addressing potential complications. The management of adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) often involves a multidisciplinary team led by cardiologists who specialize in ACHD, focusing on both medical and psychosocial aspects to improve longevity and quality of life.

One of the common issues faced by adult congenital heart patients is the development of arrhythmias, which are irregular heart rhythms. These can include atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and ventricular tachycardia. Arrhythmias in ACHD patients can result from the structural abnormalities of the heart, the surgical scars from previous corrective surgeries, or the progressive nature of their heart disease. Symptoms of arrhythmias can range from palpitations and dizziness to more severe manifestations like syncope (fainting) or heart failure. Management strategies include medications, catheter ablation procedures, and in some cases, the implantation of pacemakers or defibrillators to maintain a regular heart rhythm and prevent complications. Regular follow-up and tailored treatment plans are essential to managing arrhythmias in this patient population.