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A Cultural History of Canada

May 30, 2021

In which we discuss the famous Hudson's Bay Company in relation to R. M. Ballantyne's 'Snowflakes & Sunbeams' (1856) - a pioneer of boys' fiction! How did the HBC inform Ballantyne's writing? What is the relation between the HBC and the sense of wonder and imagination that the novel depicts? This one covers all those great questions and more! 


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Sources & Further Reading:

  • Ballantyne, R. M. Snowflakes & Sunbeams: A Tale of the Far North
  • Bristow, Joseph. Empire Boys: Adventures in a Man's World, Routledge, 1991.
  • Cockburn, R. H. “R. M. Ballantyne (1825-1894).” Arctic, vol. 37, no. 1, 1984, pp. 70–71. JSTOR,
  • Nelson, Heather E. “Hudson's Bay Company,” Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World, Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • Oliver, Jeff, and Neil Curtis. “Placing the North.” Historical Archaeology, vol. 49, no. 3, 2015, pp. 7–20,
  • Phillips, Richard S. “Spaces of Adventure and Cultural Politics of Masculinity: R. M. Ballantyne and The Young Fur Traders.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, vol. 13, no. 5, Oct. 1995, pp. 591–608, doi:10.1068/d130591.
  • Reynolds, Kimberley. “Ballantyne, R. M.,” The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature, Oxford University Press, 2006.